Determinants of Psychological Work Environment Among School Teacher in Malaysia

Main Article Content

Siti Aisyah Al Ayubi
Ruzita Manshor
Mohd Najib Md Saad


The role of a teacher is the main subject nowadays who is facing under pressure with the workload besides teaching. This research objective is to analyze the determinant psychological work environment and its impact among School Teacher in Kuantan, Pahang. The findings of this study by using questionnaires as a medium of data collection from School Teacher involved in Kuantan, Pahang. The present survey was carried out to provide the broad study capability, which ensures a more accurate sample to gather targeted result of a sample size of 340 School Teachers to draw a conclusion and gain essential decisions. The result indicates that only four of the hypotheses show a positive relationship and imply determinants of psychological work environment, which are physical health, thought, personality, and heavy workload. The findings of this study will be beneficial to the society, organization, and government that teachers play an essential role in the education sector today and serve as a future reference for researchers on the recent subject of the determinant psychological work environment.

Article Details

How to Cite
Al Ayubi, S. A., Manshor, R., & Md Saad, M. N. (2021). Determinants of Psychological Work Environment Among School Teacher in Malaysia. Asian Social Science and Humanities Research Journal (ASHREJ), 3(1), 31-41.


Alexandra Kavushansky, Re-conceptualizing stress: Shifting views on the consequences of stress and its effects on stress reactivity, PLos One. 2017 March
Azahar Che Latif, Najib Ahmad Marsuki, Norlisah Matsha. 2014. Work environment problems and psychological health problems and its relationship with job satisfaction.
Bryman, A. (2012). Social research methods (5th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ben Foley, 2018, What is regression analysis and why I should I use it?Source:
Cedoline, A. J. (1982). Job burnout in public education: Symptoms, causes, and survival skills. New York: Teacher’s College Press.
David Finkel, 'Scale: Seven Proven Principles to Grow Your Business and Get Your Life Back', 2018
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2013, Well-being at work: creating a positive work environment, ISSN: 1831-9351
Frederick Herzberg. The motivation to work, 1964.
Hazri Jamil, Abdul Rashid Mohamed & Nordin Abd. Razak, Teacher Professional Development in Malaysia: Issues and Challenges. 28 November 2014.
(Hazlina, New Straits Times, 2018) by Hazlina Aziz
Jameel K. Kadium. Hala S. Abdul-Wahid. 2014. Evaluation of psychological Work Environment's Effect on Workers' Productivity in Baghdad City
Jayne Thompson, LLB, LLM, What Cause Employee Conflict in the workplace, by Rose Johnson, Reviewed by Updated March 06, 2019
Jenny J.W. Liu, Kristin Vickers, Mauren Red & Marlyn Hadad, Re-conceptualizing stress: Shifting view on the consequences of stress and its effects on stress reactivity
John Koshuta, 2018. examples.html
Kirmeyer, S. L., & Dougherty, T. W. (1988). Workload, tension, and coping: Moderating effects of supervisor support. Personnel Psychology, 41(1), 125–139.
Lee, J. S., Joo, E. J., & Choi, K. S. (2013). Perceived stress and self‐esteem mediate the effects of work‐related stress on depression. Stress & Health, 29(1),75–81.
Malin Lohela-Karlsson*, Lotta Nybergh, and Irene Jensen, Perceived health and work environment-related problems and associated subjective production loss in an academic population, BMC Public Health (2018)
Martin N. Seif, PSYD & Sally Winston, 2017, Overcoming Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts Stephen P. Robbins & Timothy A. Judge, Organizational Behavior, Seventeeth Edition, ISBN 10: 1.292.14630.3, 2017
Martin Heidegger. 1976. What is Called Thinking? Translated by J. Gleen Gray
Malaysia (1982) Teacher Education Division. The philosophy of education (Report of the National Workshop and Survey). Ministry of Education, Malaysia.
Ministry of Education Malaysia. (2008). Education in Malaysia: A journey to excellence. Malaysia: Educational Planning and Research Division
Malaysia. (2015). Eleventh Malaysia Plan 2016-2020: Anchoring Growth on People Putrajaya: Prime Minister’s Department Malaysia.
Malaysia. (2012). Laws of Malaysia, Act 550, Education Act 1996
Michael T. Ford and Jiafie Jin (2015), Incongruence between workload and occupational norms for time pressure predicts depressive symptoms. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 2015 Vol. 24, No. 1, 88–100,
Murray R. Barrick, Ann Marie Ryan. 2003 Personality and Work, Reconsidering the Role of Personality in Organizations
Moulding R, Coles ME, Abramowitz JS, Alcolado GM, Alonso P, BellochA, Bouvard M, Clark DA, Doron G, Fernández-Álvarez H, García-Soriano G. Part 2. They scare because we care: The relationship between obsessive intrusive thoughts and appraisals and control strategies across 15 cities. Journal of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. 2014 Jul 1;3(3):280-91
Nita Sukdeo. 2017. The effect of the working environment on employee satisfaction and productivity: a case study in a clothing manufacturing factory
Nurwahida Faradila Taharim, Dinuka Pramodya Jayasuriya, Lim Wei Xiang & Syeda Fatima Mazhar. 2017. Clerical Work School Teachers: A burden or a responsibility
Oberiri Destiny Apuke, Quantitative Research Method a Synopsis approach, Vol.6(10), 2017
Ovidiu-Iliuta Dobre. 2013. Employee motivation and organizational performance
Rozana Sani. 2018,
R.B. Briner, 2017 Relationship between work environments, psychological environments, and psychological well-being.
Samantaray Pravamayee, Strategy to develop an effective Workplace Environment, International Journal of Language & Linguistics, Vol. 1, No.1: June 2014.
Samuel Yesuiah,2014
Snyder, M. (1981). On the influence of individuals on situations. In N. Canto & J.F. Kihlstrom (Eds.), Personality, cognition, and social interaction. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum
Stephen P. Robbins & Timothy A. Judge (2017) Organizational Behavior, 17th Edition
The physical environment offers more or less physical safety, and that concerns about accidents or injury are likely to have some effect on psychological well-being.
Yudofsky, Stuart C.; Hales, Robert E. (2002). The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. ISBN 1-58562-032-7. OCLC 49576699
Youngeun Kang & Eujin Julia Kim, Differences of Restorative Effects While Viewing Urban Landscapes and Green Landscapes, Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 2129.